Glossary of Terms

Apron: A small concrete or asphalt pad poured just outside of the garage to keep the gravel from entering the garage.

Caisson: A hole dug 36" in depth, below the frost level, and filled in with concrete. Caissons provide support for roof structures by keeping the concrete level and minimizing shifting and movement.

Caulk: A substance used to seal control joints and cracks. A caulk, clear or light gray, made of 100% silicone is recommended.

Channel/Chase Drain: A drain system that is used in the concrete diverting water from the downspout to help protect the foundation and the newly placed concrete.

Colored Concrete: A colored powder that is mixed through the concrete before it is poured.
*view color chart*

Curb Cut: The public sidewalk and curb are removed and replaced with a lower section of concrete. The resulting “curb cut" makes an easier and smoother entrance to your driveway.

Cure and Seal: A sealant that is applied immediately after standard concrete is poured to assist in the curing process and to protect the surface from freeze and thaw cycles as well as chemicals.

Dry Screen: A material that is used as an underlayment for wet or expansive soils.

Epoxy Injection: A bonding process used to repair a wide variety of vertical and horizontal concrete foundation walls. The epoxy fills in cracks and welds the surfaces together structurally. Forced through the crack under pressure, the epoxy forms a bond that is stronger than the concrete itself.

Fiber Mesh: A fiber material added to the concrete which provides additional strength.

Flagstone: A thick, natural Colorado stone set in concrete for patios, sidewalks and walls. There are two types of stone: square cut has a uniform pattern or random stone has many different shapes and sizes. The flagstone comes in two colors: either a red (dusty rose) color or a buff (tan) color.

Footer: A perimeter dug below the soil"s surface poured with concrete to provide support for foundations or walls.

French Drain: A perforated drain pipe placed beneath the grounds surface to collect water and run it away from the structure or basement. *See sump pump drain system and tank.

Glazing Compound: A liquid hardener applied to stamped concrete four weeks after it is poured to enhance the color and protect the surface.

Mud-jacking: A method used to help lift a small slab or section of concrete. Most of the time mud-jacking is considered a temporary method. (Sherrick Construction does not do any mud-jacking)

PSI: The term refers to: pounds per square inch.

Rebar: Steel rods, which come in various sizes, are placed in the concrete for added reinforcement and strength.

Road Base: Road base is made from crushed and recycled concrete that is used under new concrete for dry, non-expansive soil.

Stamped Concrete: A process of using rubber molds “stamped" into the concrete to create patterns resembling brick, slate, cobblestone, flagstone or tile. When used with concrete colors, the finished surface has its own distinctive and decorative appearance without the cost of natural stone.

Sump Pump Drain System: Adds a pump to a french drain system to remove excess water from under the structure or from the basement.

Sump Pump Tank: The tank collects unwanted water via a french drain to be removed by a sump pump.

Wire Mesh: Steel wire mesh that comes in various gauges and sizes when placed in the concrete keeps the concrete from separating and provides additional strength.